Types of automate test maintenance

1) Test automation maintenance methods are divided into two categories: those for when working tests begin to fail and those for tooling adjustments.

2) Automated tests will fail as programmers update the software over time, simply because the code under test has changed. When a test fails, it must be determined whether the failure was due to a change in behavior, an unforeseen side effect, or a genuine software flaw. The team can then decide whether to change the code or update the test, or both.

During a 5-month maintenance period, what can be modified in an application?

Quite a bit. Really. Especially when seen from the perspective of previously developed automated test cases. When I joined one of our initiatives, that’s exactly what happened. I was aware that well-written automated tests were in use, and that they had actual economic benefit. They were trusted by the development team and were included in each and every new release candidate. But, as is often the case with design, a slew of new features appeared, and no one had time to maintain our e2e gem. And as time went on, more and more tests stopped becoming green, until none of them passed at all.

What ZappleTech does to minimize the maintenance
Maintaining a straightforward approach
Each test case should ideally focus on a single function or conceptual action, and should only fail for one cause. Test scenarios that are more complex are more likely to be flaky. If a test case has a lot of stages, consider splitting it into two or more test cases.
Deciding what to test before you can decide how to test it
A well-designed test case will require less maintenance in the future. Begin by identifying each function to be tested, then break each test down into a series of simple stages with a clear statement of the expected outcomes. Only after this has been completed should you decide which tests should be performed manually and which should be automated. For advice on the best types of test cases to automate, see the first post in this series.
Making a list of your test cases
Documentation may help ensure that each test case is well-designed, including test preconditions, execution processes, and expected results. Using a test case template or a tool like TestRail to manage your test case documentation can be extremely beneficial.
Using naming standards
UI elements and test objects should have self-explanatory names. Consider whether a test case or test step is too complex and needs to be streamlined if you discover that comments are required to document it.
Comments that explain why a test is the way it is are an exception, in that they are valuable. A suitable statement in tying a test to a choice made outside the testing is “Product management specified a requirement that this activity must complete within three seconds.” “Calculate the outcome” is almost likely a terrible comment, because it only communicates something that might have been conveyed better in the exam itself.

How Can Developers Support Test Automation Maintenance In An Agile Environment?

The duty of maintaining Selenium test automation tools and scripts up to date is already a load for Selenium test automation teams. As a result, as the number of Selenium automated tests for evaluating specific items grows, the teams may become increasingly overburdened.

The maintenance of test scripts is handled by external teams in a standard waterfall structure. As a result, they free the developers from having to do the same.

An agile framework, on the other hand, reduces the requirement for external teams. A cross-functional team of developers and an agile tester are part of the agile methodology. It is the development team’s duty if a check fails. They can create, run automated browser testing, fix, and retest, in other words, they can go through the entire feedback cycle. The nicest thing is that they don’t have to wait for input from a third-party group.

Agile firms have a shorter feedback cycle than companies with segmented development and testing teams. The agile tester understands what needs to be updated. They’re also familiar with numerous bug fixes and what’s causing the problem. They can also interrogate programmers about a code change that affects the test. So, test results are instantly available. As a result, instead of putting the information in a queue, you can act on it as soon as you get it.

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Frequently Asked Questions:

Time spent rewriting or upgrading tests is referred to as test automation maintenance. When the application undergoes a modification that would break existing tests, test maintenance is required. A UI design modification, for example, may shift the button that a test clicks, causing the test to fail, even if the functionality remains unchanged.

Maintenance of test automation is unavoidable. Here are four tips to help you save time and money while ensuring that your software testing is as efficient as possible.

  1. Changing apps necessitates a change in tests.
  2. Adaptive test scripts make the job easier.
  3. Test management improves the quality of software.
  4. Adapt the testing procedure to the circumstances.

Follow these steps to make your Selenium scripts function with a changing product:

  1. Make appropriate use of CSS identifiers. When ID is available, use it.
  2. Make use of a page object model.
  3. Subdivide huge tests into smaller ones….
  4. Working closely with the developers who are implementing the changes is essential.
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Marcus Merrell

As Vice President of Technology Strategy at Sauce Labs, Marcus uses experience from 20+ years in test to manage strategic
technical alliances. Marcus works with external partners to build robust, customer-centric solutions around test automation,
software architecture, and release management. With experience in gaming, eCommerce, marketing automation and nearly
every part of the SDLC, Marcus enjoys sharing his expertise at conferences all over the world. He is also a member of the Selenium
Project Leadership Committee. Marcus enjoys playing the piano, making robots, and building a real estate portfolio in Austin, Texas.

Sudipta Debnath

Sudipta is Technical Leader and Customer Success Specialist with over 20+ years of experience techno commercial
roles. She has presented at multiple events and IEEE forum across country. At Cisco, she is part of Digital Assurance
and Automation and involve various customer- based Test optimization, bridging the gap of unification of test platform
and its enhancement. She can be reached at suddebna@cisco.com

Naeem Akram Malik

Naeem Malik is an experienced automation and performance engineer. He is also a Udemy instructor, a YouTuber,
and a technical blogger. He's got hands-on experience in a variety of tools including JMeter, Selenium, RestAssured,
and WinAppDriver. and programming languages like Java, C#, C++, and JavaScript. He is using Java Selenium and
JMeter on his day job. Feel free to reach out to Naeem if your team needs help in performance testing, API testing,
and end to end test automation.

Lou Robinson

I'm currently the Head of Quality at Sylvera. Over the last decade, I've spent time in roles as a test analyst, an automation
engineer, a QA Lead and other variations on those same roles in and around the Machine Learning and Data industries.
In more recent years, my focus has been on leadership, strategy, and championing the need for a holistic vision of quality
across entire organisations, rather than just in Engineering. However, I've also spent a good number of years building out
automated test frameworks in multiple languages, trying to deliver scalable solutions that are easy to read, understand and maintain.

Bas Dijkstra

Hey, my name is Bas Dijkstra, and I am an independent test automation consultant and trainer. I have been active
in the test automation field for some 16 years now, and have worked on software testing and automation solutions across a wide
range of programming languages, frameworks and technology stacks. I’ve delivered test automation training to dozens of companies
and hundreds of conference attendees in the Netherlands as well as abroad, to excellent reviews. You can find a complete overview of
my professional life on my LinkedIn profile. If you want to get in touch, please use the contact form on this site, or send me an email
at bas@ontestautomation.com. I live in Amersfoort, The Netherlands, together with my wife and two sons. When I am not at work,
I like to go outside for a long run, or to sit down and read a good book.

Robin Goldsmith

One of the few with legitimate credentials in Quality Assurance/Testing, Business Analysis/Requirements,
and Process/Project Management, Robin F. Goldsmith, JD works with and trains business and project
professionals to get right results right. Author of the Proactive Testing™ and Proactive Software Quality
Assurance™ methodologies, he is a thought leader who has contributed key ideas to international standards
for software testing, software quality assurance, and software acquisition. Reach him at robin@gopromanagement.com

Péter Földházi Jr.

Peter has been working at EPAM since 2012 and moved to the USA in 2019 where he has been working as a Test Automation
Consultant and as a Quality Architect. He has experience in mobile, web and desktop testing in all levels of test automation
in the financial, gaming, fitness and other domains. Processes, architecture, code quality and customer satisfaction are highly
import to him. He is the first European and one of the first people in the World having successfully taken and passed the ISTQB
CTAL Test Automation Engineer module exam. He is actively helping the ISTQB by reviewing syllabi of foundation and advanced
levels. Peter is also an active speaker, having attended meetups and software engineering conferences with multiple topics. He
used to be a guest lecturer at 3 Budapest based universities: Óbuda, Pázmány and the ELTE universities. Brewing beer and
planting chilis are some of his hobbies.

Rafael Cintra

Solutions Architect focused on DevOps and Continuous Testing experienced with multidisciplinary
and co-located teams on medium and large-sized companies. Extensive experience within financial
services working with banks going through an agile and digital transformation while applying DevOps
and Continuous Testing principles.

Symon Storozhenko

Set up numerous automation frameworks in Java, JavaScript and Python using Selenium and Playwright
Author of pytest-playwright-visual package for Playwright visual testing with Python:
https://github.com/symon-storozhenko/pytest-playwright-visual Created 10k Animated NFT
collection using Python: https://opensea.io/collection/united-smiles-of-humanoids
Lecturer on Udemy: https://www.udemy.com/course/playwright-with-python-for-web
-automation-testing/

Marco A. Cruz

Marco is a lead SDET with over eight years of software testing experience. He is the founder of automateNow, where he has embarked on a journey
to help as many aspiring engineers as possible to make their dreams a reality. He has led small and medium-sized teams of developers in the
e-commerce, engineering, insurance, and workforce intelligence domains. Marco is also a United States Navy combat veteran.

Paul Grossman

Paul Grossman has over 20 years experience as an SDET with numerous test automation tool sets and languages. Most recently he began
managing five WebDriverIO projects in JavaScript for Guaranteed Rate. Prior to that he spent three years working with Selenium in Java as
well as Micro Focus UFT One in VBScript. He recently wrote a Natural Language Processing engine Add On for the TestProject community.
He is currently conducting a Proof of Concept of the testRigor low-code tool Paul have been a speaker at test automation conferences for 16 years.
He has been a featured guest on the Halloween episodes of the Test Guild automation podcast with Joe Colantonio and The QA
Lead podcast with Jonathan Wright.

Larry Goddard

Larry Goddard is the Test Automation Architect at Oxford University Press (OUP) with responsibility for developing the organisations
Testing Strategy and Framework. Larry is a member of BCS – The Chartered Institute for IT (MBCS), co-founder & CEO of the KLASSI brand,
Creator of 'klassi-js' a open-source Test Automation Framework, Larry is also a Mentor (Aleto Foundation, Black Girls in Tech and Private Individuals)
and Speaker at Tech Conferences and meet-ups dealing with and highlighting Test Automation.

Gáspár Nagy

Gáspár Nagy is the creator of SpecFlow, regular conference speaker, blogger, editor of the BDD Addict monthly newsletter, and co-author of the
books "Discovery: Explore behaviour using examples" and "Formulation: Document examples with Given/When/Then". Gáspár is an independent
coach, trainer and test automation expert focusing on helping teams implementing BDD and SpecFlow. He has more than 20 years of experience in
enterprise software development as he worked as an architect and agile developer coach.

Chris Hyde

I have extensive experience with test architecture, test suite/case management, and test direction for multiple projects. My development experience helps
with understanding how to componentize major test efforts into testable units, and also architecting test frameworks to mirror those of the systems under
test. Lead all aspects of Software Testing with resourcing, planning, allocation and ongoing support. Define, design, and drive implementation of test automation
architecture. Work with DevOps to ensure tests are run at the correct time, cadence, and phase of development process. Familiar with all modern JavaScript webapp
stacks - reactive frameworks, REST APIs(and their respective testing tools), microservices, SPA, AWS/Azure/GCP, big data (hadoop, spark, Postgres, MongoDB, etc).

Jonathon Wright

Jonathon Wright is a strategic thought leader and distinguished technology evangelist. He specializes in emerging technologies, innovation, and automation,
and has more than 25 years of international commercial experience within global organizations. He is the Chief Technology Evangelist for Eggplant a Keysight
Technologies company based in Cambridge in the UK. Jonathon combines his extensive practical experience and leadership with insights into real-world adoption
of Cognitive Engineering (Enterprise A.I. and AIOps). Thus, he is frequently in demand as a speaker at international conferences such as TEDx, Gartner, Oracle,
AI Summit, ITWeb, EuroSTAR, STAREast, STARWest, UKSTAR, Guild Conferences, Swiss Testing Days, Unicom, DevOps Summit, TestExpo and Vivit Community.
In his spare time he is the QA advisory lead for MIT for the COVID Paths Check foundation throughout the Coronavirus pandemic. He is also a member of
Harvard Business Council, A.I. Alliance for the European Commission, chair of the review committee for the ISO-IEC 29119 part 8 “Model-Based Testing”
and part 11 for the “Testing of A.I. based systems” for the British Computer Society (BCS SIGiST). Jonathon also hosts the QA lead (based in Canada) and the
author of several award-winning books (2010 – 2022) the latest with Rex Black on ‘AI for Testing’.

Thomas Haver

Thomas is presently serving as a Test Automation Architect. He leads a team of testers, ops engineers, and production support analysts in the adoption of
DevOps practices. Previously, he led the enterprise automation support of 73 applications at Huntington National Bank that encompassed testing, metrics
reporting, and data management. Thomas has a background in Physics & Biophysics, with over a decade spent in research science studying
fluorescence spectroscopy and microscopy before joining IT.

Eran Kinsbruner

Expert in Continuous testing of web and mobile apps, DevOps and Agile practices, SAST as well as product marketer with strong GTM vision. Amazon best selling author of a trilogy
of books (https://www.amazon.com/Eran-Kinsbruner/e/B07RK5SZH9%3Fref=dbs_a_mng_rwt_scns_share)
- The Digital Quality Handbook
- Continuous Testing for DevOps Professional
- Accelerating Software Quality in DevOps using AI and ML.
Industry thought leader, keynote speaker, blogger, industry event committee member (QA Global Summit), and author of the quarterly digital test coverage index report.
A contributor for InfoWorld.com (http://www.infoworld.com/author/Eran-Kinsbruner/) and for the EnterprisersProject (https://enterprisersproject.com/user/eran-kinsbruner).
Advisory board member for startups.
Certified:
ISTQB foundation level certified.
PMI (Pragmatic Institute Foundations) Certified
various quality related awards as well as 1 registered patent.
Meetup host for mobile Dev and Test TLV and Boston.
Speaking History:
StarEast, StarWest, DevOps East/West, Quest, STPCon, AutomationGuild, AndroidSummit, TISQA, TestExpo UK, Meetups, Webinars, Podcasts, All Day DevOps, QA Global Summit and many more.

Nikolaj Tolkačiov

Because I'm lazy and easily bored, I tend to automate everything I can, if I need to do something twice that is a good indication that something
is off. My automation experience suit includes mobile, gherkin, web, C#, Java, JavaScript, C++, Ruby, and multiple frameworks. I do coding and
“DevOps'ing” too because I gain most of the value not deep-diving into one framework or discipline, but generalizing in the whole spectrum of
software engineering. This generalist point of view allows me to see some issues from different angles and come up with more solutions to solve problems.

Adam Sandman

Adam Sandman was a programmer from the age of 10 and has been working in the IT industry for the past 20 years in areas such as architecture,
agile development, testing and project management. Adam is the Founder and CEO of Inflectra Corporation, where he is interested in technology,
business and enabling people to follow their passions.
At Inflectra, Adam has been responsible for researching the tools, technologies and processes in the software testing and quality assurance space.
Adam has previously spoken at StarEast (2021), TestCon (2021), JFTL (2021), STAR West (2020, 2021), Agile DevOps West (2020, 2021),
STPCon (2018 - 2020), Swiss Testing Day (2019, 2020), EuroSTAR 2020, InflectraCon (2019, 2020), TestingMind (2019, 2020) and STAR Canada (2019).

Larissa Rosochansky

A seasoned professional with over 21 years of experience in IT, Larissa is a strategist, innovator, consultant, and product manager focused on delivering value to
the customer using Lean Digital Transformation overseeing all efforts for a given Value Stream. Before that, she led the Intelligent Automation Offering for Brazil
Market at Avanade and the Global Automation Brazil Program, Test Practice, and its Go to Market activities at IBM Brazil.
Larissa holds a Law degree and a specialization in Software Engineering and she is a certified PMP by PMI, ITIL Foundation by EXIN, Certified SAFEe 5 Lean Portfolio
Manager, and PSM I by Scrum.org, and has the IT Specialist Level 2 - Test Discipline Badge and Design Thinking Co-Creator Badge from IBM.

Jenna Charlton

I began speaking in 2018 at CodeMash in Sandusky Ohio where my first talk How Pro Wrestling Made Me A World Champion Tester put me on the proverbial map.
Since then I’ve given far more serious talks at conferences like TestBash and Star. In 2020 I was a keynote at STARWest Virtual testing conference and I was on the selection
committees for STARWest 2021 and Agile Testing Days USA as well as host for TestBash Home 2020 and 2021. I am an occasional tech blogger, trainer, product owner, and
always a tester, but the accomplishments I’m most proud of are my ordination as a deacon at South Euclid UCC in 2016 and my long and happy marriage to my spouse for
the past 11 years.